If your employer provides you with non-cash benefits - such as a company car or medical insurance - you may have to pay tax on them. This is in addition to the tax and National Insurance contributions already paid on any cash earnings or benefits through Pay As You Earn (PAYE).
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If you're a company director, or you earn at a rate of £8,500 or more in a year - including the value of your benefits - then you'll always have to pay tax on any benefits you get.
You may have to pay tax on some benefits - such as living accommodation that's provided by your employer - no matter how much you're paid and whether or not you're a company director.
Normally, if your employer provides you with a car, you'll have to pay tax on the value of the benefit. The value depends on several things, such as:
The value of the benefit may be less if the car is unavailable for part of the year or if you pay something towards its cost - 'capital contributions' - or if you make payments to your employer for your private use of the vehicle.
If your employer provides you with fuel to use for your private motoring, you will have to pay tax on this as a separate benefit.
You may have to pay tax on this benefit if your employer lends you more than £5,000 interest free, or charges you less than the official rate of interest on a loan. The value of the benefit you'll have to pay tax on is usually the difference between:
You may also have to pay tax on the benefit if your employer lends money to one of your relatives.
You won't have to pay tax on the benefit of an interest free or low interest loan from your employer if the total of all loans provided in a year is £5,000 or less.
If your employer provides you - or one of your relatives - with living accommodation you may have to pay tax on the benefit. There are different ways of working out the value of the benefit you'll have to pay tax on, depending on whether or not the accommodation cost more than £75,000.
You may not have to pay tax on the benefit if you are provided with the accommodation so you can do your job - or because it helps you do your job better.
If your employer pays for your medical insurance, you'll usually have to pay tax on the value of the benefit. This is normally the cost of the insurance premiums.
Your employer can give you some benefits that you won't have to pay tax on, such as:
The benefits listed above are just a few of the most common ones. Your employer will give you details of the benefits they've told us about on form P11D Expenses payments and benefits - (see the section 'How the tax is paid' below). If you need any more information about what counts as a benefit and how it is taxed, go to the A to Z list of expenses and benefits in the Employers section of the HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) website.
In certain circumstances you can get some benefits without paying tax on them. Tax-free benefits can include:
If you want to find out more about when you don't have to pay tax on these benefits go to the A to Z list of expenses and benefits in the Employers section of the HMRC website.
The rules relating to childcare vouchers changed on 6 April 2011. HMRC have prepared answers to the most often asked questions.
Usually your employer pays Class 1A National Insurance contributions on any non-cash benefits they provide you with and you won't have to pay any further contributions on them - read the section 'Benefits you might have to pay tax on' for examples of these.
However, in some cases, the benefits are treated as if they are normal earnings, which means you'll have to pay Class 1 National Insurance contributions on them. In these cases, the benefits provided are usually in the form of cash or they could be exchanged for cash - for example cash vouchers.
If you want to find out more about when you might have to pay National Insurance contributions on a benefit go the A to Z list of expenses and benefits in the Employers section of the HMRC website.
You and your employer both have to tell HMRC about any benefits you get. You'll have to show the benefits on your Self Assessment tax return (if you complete one) and your employer will have to fill in form P11D Expenses payments and benefits or form P9D Expenses payments and income from which tax cannot be deducted.HMRC may send you a tax code to collect the tax you owe through PAYE.
Your employer will give you details of the benefits they've told HMRC about on the P11D or P9D. You'll need to keep these details for two years after the tax year they relate to. You'll need this information to fill in your tax return.
Bear in mind that you must tell HMRC about any benefits you or your family get from your employer, even if you've already paid tax on them through PAYE.
Your employer will be able to help if you've got any questions about the benefits you get with your job. If you need help with filling in your tax return you can contact the HMRC Self Assessment Helpline by following the link below.