When you buy UK shares you pay a tax on the transaction. This is called Stamp Duty Reserve Tax for 'paperless transactions' and Stamp Duty for transactions using a stock transfer form.
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When you buy existing shares through a stockbroker, the transaction is usually completed electronically through CREST - the electronic settlement and registration system. This is known as a paperless transaction.
You pay Stamp Duty Reserve Tax on paperless transactions for UK shares at a flat rate of 0.5 per cent. But this is based on what you give for the shares - not what they're worth.
This means that:
You pay Stamp Duty Reserve Tax when you buy existing shares in a company incorporated in the UK, or in a foreign company that maintains a share register in the UK, and also when you buy:
If you subscribe for new shares in a company, stamp duty is not payable.
If you buy units in a unit trust, or invest in an 'open ended investment company', the trust or the company pays the Stamp Duty Reserve Tax and they take this into account when setting the price at which they'll sell to you.
If you use a stock transfer form when you buy shares, then it's a paper transaction. You pay Stamp Duty on paper transactions, not Stamp Duty Reserve Tax. Stamp Duty is payable on the same sorts of transaction and at the same 0.5 per cent rate as Stamp Duty Reserve Tax, but the duty is rounded up to the nearest £5 above. However, if you buy shares for any amount of consideration up to £1,000 no stamp duty will be payable. If the consideration is £1,050, the duty will be £10 etc. If you're given shares for nothing, you don't have to pay any Stamp Duty.
You'll have to pay Stamp Duty Reserve Tax or Stamp Duty at a higher rate of 1.5 per cent if you transfer shares into a 'depositary receipt scheme' or a 'clearance service'. These are special arrangements where the shares are held by a third party and can be traded free of stamp duty or Stamp Duty Reserve Tax. (With some clearance services the higher rate isn't charged and stamp duty or Stamp Duty Reserve Tax is payable in the normal way when shares are traded.)
Most share transactions are paperless transactions, which are completed electronically through CREST. CREST automatically deducts the Stamp Duty Reserve Tax and sends it to us. Your stock broker will settle up with CREST for the cost of the shares and the Stamp Duty Reserve Tax and then bill you for these and the broker's fees.
If you don't buy shares through CREST you pay the Stamp Duty to HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) yourself.
Stamp Duty Reserve Tax is already accounted for in the price you pay for units in Unit Trusts or shares in open-ended investment companies.
You don't normally have to pay UK Stamp Duty or Stamp Duty Reserve Tax if you buy foreign shares. But there may be foreign taxes that you'll have to pay.
If you have any questions about SDRT you can phone us on Tel 0845 603 0135 between 8.30 am and 5.00 pm, Monday to Friday - closed on Bank Holidays.