In this section:
When the Tax Credit Office first works out your tax credits they look at your income for the last tax year. A tax year runs from 6 April one year to 5 April the next.
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This is a three-step process:
For help working out your income, use the worksheet in the notes that came with your tax credits claim form or renewal pack
First take your total wages from all jobs that you had in the last tax year, before any tax and National Insurance was taken off. This is known as your gross pay. If you’ve had certain ‘employee benefits’ you’ll need to add these in, and there are other things to include such as tips or strike pay. The sections just below tell you what you need to include.
Your employer should have given you a record of your gross pay. This will be a P60, or P45 if you left before the end of the tax year. If you had only one job in the last year, use either of the following:
These forms include any Statutory Sick, Maternity, Paternity or Adoption Pay you got in the year - included in your total pay.
If you didn't get a P60 or P45, check your final payslip, which should show your total pay to date. If you had more than one job in the year, add up the totals on the forms to work out your total gross pay.
You must also include any money you were paid from working outside the UK. You need to enter the amount in British pounds, not the foreign currency. To work this out, use the average exchange rate for the year your income relates to. So, if your income relates to 6 April 2013 to 5 April 2014, use the average exchange rate for the year ended 31 March 2013.
You'll also need to include certain benefits that you got from your employer that were taxed. For example, goods your employer gave you, bills they paid for you or a company car. Your employer should give you a P11D or P9D form at the end of the tax year which will show the taxable value.
As well as your total pay, you need to add:
You don't need to show any tax credits from last year.
To work out what to take off your gross pay, add up any of the following that apply to you, to get a total amount:
|Add up these amounts||Things to be aware of|
|The total amount of Statutory Maternity, Paternity or Adoption Pay you’ve been paid.||Don't include more than £100 for any particular week.
For example if you received £80 each week, add up all the amounts of £80 you received. If you received more than £100 for a week, only include £100 for that week.
|Work expenses you had to pay in doing your job - which related only to doing your job, and are deductible for Income Tax purposes.||Don't include expenses if your employer reimbursed them.
Include travel costs, but not the cost of getting to and from work.
Payments you made that are deductible for Income Tax purposes. For example:
|Don't include these payments if your employer reimbursed them.|
Flat-rate expenses, agreed by your employer and HM Revenue & Customs, to maintain or renew:
|You will find the amount of allowable expenses on your P2 Coding Notice.|
|The gross (or 'grossed up') amount of what you paid into a pension scheme registered with HM Revenue & Customs. This includes a stakeholder pension and any Free-Standing Additional Voluntary Contributions.||Don't include anything you paid into an 'occupational pension' scheme.
This is where your employer took the pension contributions from your pay
before deducting tax.
Follow the link to the working sheet below for how to work out your gross payments.
|The gross (or 'grossed up') amount of any donations to charity you made using Gift Aid.||Follow the link to the working sheet below for how to work out your gross donations.|
Take the Step 2 total from the Step 1 total to show your total income. Put this on your tax credits claim form or Annual Declaration form in the 'earnings as an employee from all jobs' box. This is in the section on income.
You need to tell the Tax Credit Office straight away if you expect to have more or less money coming in this year. This is so that they can make sure you don't get too much or too little in the way of tax credits. You can do this by calling the Tax Credit Helpline.