What income changes you need to report to HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) depends on your circumstances. This guide explains what you need to do and who you need to contact to let HMRC know about any changes to your income.
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You should let HMRC know about changes to your income - even if you've received the income outside of your job or pension and it's not dealt with through Pay as You Earn (PAYE) by your employer or pension provider. For example, if you start receiving rental income.
HMRC may be able to change your tax code so that you pay the right amount of tax. If they do this you'll get a PAYE Coding Notice explaining the changes to your code and you may not need to complete a tax return.
However in some cases HMRC may ask you to complete a tax return and pay any extra tax through Self Assessment. HMRC will write and let you know if they need you to complete a tax return.
If your taxable income has gone down you may be due a refund.
If an increase in income takes your taxable income above your Personal Allowance and any Blind Person's Allowance you're entitled to you must contact HMRC.
You may need to complete a tax return and pay any tax you owe through Self Assessment.
If you have or expect a significant decrease in income you can let HMRC know right away. If you make 'payments on account' (advance payments of tax), HMRC may be able to reduce them to reflect your decrease in income. You don't have to report any increases in income immediately - you can report these on your tax return at the normal time.
If you start or stop getting state benefits, such as Jobseeker's Allowance, Carer's Allowance or Employment and Support Allowance, it may affect your tax bill. The sooner you get in touch with HMRC and tell them, the sooner they can adjust your tax code to make sure you always pay what's due.
State benefits you get that are taxable are usually counted as income for tax credits purposes. These include contribution-based Employment and Support Allowance and contributions based Jobseeker's Allowance - but not the income-related or income-based types of these allowances.
If you're claiming tax credits, enter taxable benefits that you get on your claim form - follow the link below to find out which ones to include.
If you're already getting tax credits you need to let the Tax Credit Office know as quickly as possible if the following applies:
The Tax Credit Office can make sure you're getting the right amount of tax credits.
If you start to get taxable company benefits - such as a company car, contributions to childcare costs or medical insurance - you should tell HMRC right away so that you don't get a large tax bill at the end of the year. And if you stop getting taxable benefits, you should let HMRC know quickly so you don't pay too much tax.
Employers don't have to tell HMRC about any company benefits you get until the end of the tax year, unless it's a new company car. If you let HMRC know sooner, your tax code can be adjusted more quickly, ensuring you pay the right amount of tax.
Company benefits (benefits in kind) from your employer, such a company car and mileage allowance payments - are taken into account for your tax credits claim. You will need to report any changes to your 'benefits in kind' to the Tax Credits Office.
You may be liable to a tax charge - called the High Income Child Benefit charge - if both of the following apply:
A tax year runs from 6 April to 5 April the following year.
If you are liable to the tax charge and your income increases or drops, this can affect whether you continue to be liable or how much tax charge you have to pay.