Tax if you take your State Pension later on

If you put off claiming your State Pension (called 'State Pension deferral') you can earn either extra State Pension or a one-off taxable lump sum payment. If you're already paying tax you'll pay tax on these extra payments at the same rate as you're paying on your other income.

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How State Pension deferral works

State Pension deferral means you put off claiming your State Pension when you reach State Pension age. You can also choose to stop claiming it after having claimed it for a period.

Your State Pension age is set by law. For men born before 6 December 1953, the current State Pension age is 65. For women, since April 2010, the current State Pension age is increasing from 60 to 65. This affects women born on or after 6 April 1950. Women’s State Pension age will increase more quickly to 65 between April 2016 and November 2018. From December 2018 the State Pension age for both men and women will start to increase to reach 66 in October 2020.

You can put off claiming your State Pension for as long as you wish – no matter what date you retire.

Follow the links below to learn more about State Pension deferral and changes to the State Pension age.

Deferring your State Pension on GOV.UK (Opens new window)

State Pension calculator on GOV.UK (Opens new window)

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Choices and tax when deferring your State Pension

Since 6 April 2005, if you put off claiming your State Pension (whether you're working or not) you can choose one of the options below when you do claim.

Extra State Pension

If you put off claiming your State Pension for at least five weeks you can earn an increase to your weekly State Pension of one per cent for every five weeks you put off claiming. This works out at about 10.4 per cent extra for every full year you put off claiming. This extra State Pension will be paid to you with your normal State Pension when you start to claim.

The extra State Pension counts as taxable income in the same way as the normal State Pension.

Lump sum payment

If you put off claiming your State Pension continuously for at least 12 months, you can choose to receive a one-off taxable lump sum payment and your State Pension paid at the normal rate. The lump sum payment when you claim it will be based on the amount of normal weekly State Pension you would have received, plus interest added for each week.

Your lump sum will not affect the rate at which you're already paying Income Tax - it will be taxed at the same rate.

If you're entitled to a higher allowance, and a lump sum would take your income above the limit beyond which the allowance starts to be reduced, you'll keep the higher allowance. Find out more about higher allowance by following the link below.

Do you have to pay tax in retirement?

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Effect of deferred pension on 'taxable income' when claiming income-related benefits

To find out what effect a deferred State Pension (whether taken as income or a lump sum) has on other benefits you may be claiming - including Pension Credit, Housing Benefits, Council Tax Benefit or Tax Credits - download The Pension Service leaflet SPD1, 'State Pension Deferral - your guide'.

Leaflet SPD1, 'State Pension Deferral - your guide' (PDF 588K) - download from the DWP website (Opens new window)

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Telling The Pension Service you wish to defer your State Pension

If you haven't claimed your State Pension yet but you know you want to defer taking it, you don't have to contact The Pension Service until you want to start claiming it. But if you or your partner get another social security benefit you need to tell the Pension Service what you want to do.

If you're already getting your State Pension, but you would like to stop claiming it to earn extra State Pension or a lump sum payment, contact your local pension centre. The telephone number will be on any letters you have received from The Pension Service - or you can search online below from the GOV.UK website.

Find your pension centre on the GOV.UK website (Opens new window)

Further guidance from The Pensions Advisory Service (Opens new window)

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