In this section:
The Construction Industry Scheme (CIS) sets out rules for how payments to subcontractors for construction work must be handled by contractors in the construction industry and certain other businesses.
Some businesses and other organisations might need to apply the scheme because they spend a large amount of money each year on construction operations. If this is the case, they may be classed as a 'deemed contractor', meaning that they may have to follow the CIS rules for construction contractors.
This guide explains what deemed contractors are and what they need to do under the CIS rules.
On this page:
HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) may treat certain businesses or organisations as contractors under CIS if they spend an average of £1 million or more a year over three years on construction work. These types of contractor are called deemed contractors and can include:
If you're a deemed contractor you have to follow the same CIS rules as other 'mainstream' contractors. However, although all of your spending on construction operations counts towards the £1 million, if you are a business which is a deemed contractor (but not a public body), you can make certain payments that are exempt from the normal CIS rules. These are payments for construction work done to property used for the purposes of:
It doesn't matter if third parties like external auditors and security contractors use the property incidentally too - it's still exempt from the normal CIS rules. But payments for construction work on the following types of property aren't exempt:
You'll remain a deemed contractor for as long as your spending on construction work amounts to an average of £1 million or more a year.
To stop being a deemed contractor, you'll need to show HMRC that your business or organisation has spent less than £1 million a year on construction operations for three years in a row. If HMRC is satisfied that this is the case, they'll deregister you as a deemed contractor.
If your spending on construction work is only ever going to be payments that are exempt from the normal CIS rules because they're for work done to property used for your business, you can ask HMRC to close your CIS scheme - even if you spend £1 million or more a year. If they agree - and you're sure that you won't be making any payments within the scheme in the near future - then they'll close your scheme. Then, it's your responsibility to tell HMRC if you make any payments for construction work that would bring you back into CIS as a contractor.